Scatter plot matrix

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## Syntax

`plotmatrix(X,Y)`

`plotmatrix(X)`

`plotmatrix(___,LineSpec)`

`plotmatrix(ax,___)`

`[S,AX,BigAx,H,HAx]= plotmatrix(___)`

## Description

example

`plotmatrix(X,Y)`

createsa matrix of subaxes containing scatter plots of the columns of `X`

againstthe columns of `Y`

. If `X`

is *p*-by-*n* and `Y`

is *p*-by-*m*,then `plotmatrix`

produces an *n*-by-*m* matrixof subaxes.

example

`plotmatrix(X)`

is the same as `plotmatrix(X,X)`

except that the subaxes along the diagonal are replaced with histogram plots of the data in the corresponding column of `X`

. For example, the subaxes along the diagonal in the *i*th column is replaced by `histogram(X(:,i))`

. The tick labels along the edges of the plots align with the scatter plots, not the histograms.

example

`plotmatrix(___,LineSpec)`

specifiesthe line style, marker symbol, and color for the scatter plots. Theoption `LineSpec`

can be preceded by any of the inputargument combinations in the previous syntaxes.

`plotmatrix(ax,___)`

plots into the specified target axes, where the target axes is an invisible frame for the subaxes.

example

`[S,AX,BigAx,H,HAx]= plotmatrix(___)`

returns the graphic objectscreated as follows:

`S`

– Chart line objects forthe scatter plots`AX`

– Axes objects for eachsubaxes`BigAx`

– Axes object forbig axes that frames the subaxes`H`

– Histogram objects forthe histogram plots`HAx`

– Axes objects for theinvisible histogram axes

`BigAx`

is left as the current axes (`gca`

)so that a subsequent `title`

, `xlabel`

,or `ylabel`

command centers text with respect tothe big axes.

## Examples

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### Create Scatter Plot Matrix with Two Matrix Inputs

Create `X`

as a matrix of random data and `Y`

as a matrix of integer values. Then, create a scatter plot matrix of the columns of `X`

against the columns of `Y`

.

X = randn(50,3);Y = reshape(1:150,50,3); plotmatrix(X,Y)

The subplot in the ith row, jth column of the figure is a scatter plot of the ith column of `Y`

against the jth column of `X`

.

### Create Scatter Plot Matrix with One Matrix Input

Open Live Script

Create a scatter plot matrix of random data. The subplot in the ith row, jth column of the matrix is a scatter plot of the ith column of `X`

against the jth column of `X`

. Along the diagonal are histogram plots of each column of `X`

.

X = randn(50,3); plotmatrix(X)

### Specify Marker Type and Color

Open Live Script

Create a scatter plot matrix of random data. Specify the marker type and the color for the scatter plots.

`X = randn(50,3); plotmatrix(X,'*r')`

The `LineSpec`

option sets properties for the scatter plots. To set properties for the histogram plots, return the histogram objects.

### Modify Scatter Plot Matrix After Creation

Open Live Script

Create a scatter plot matrix of random data.

`rng defaultX = randn(50,3);[S,AX,BigAx,H,HAx] = plotmatrix(X);`

To set properties for the scatter plots, use `S`

. To set properties for the histograms, use `H`

. To set axes properties, use `AX`

, `BigAx`

, and `HAx`

. Use dot notation to set properties.

Set the color and marker type for the scatter plot in the lower left corner of the figure. Set the color for the histogram plot in the lower right corner. Use the `title`

command to title the figure.

S(3).Color = 'g';S(3).Marker = '*'; H(3).EdgeColor = 'k';H(3).FaceColor = 'g'; title(BigAx,'A Comparison of Data Sets')

## Input Arguments

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`X`

— Data to display

matrix

Data to display, specified as a matrix.

**Data Types: **`single`

| `double`

| `int8`

| `int16`

| `int32`

| `int64`

| `uint8`

| `uint16`

| `uint32`

| `uint64`

| `logical`

`Y`

— Data to plot against `X`

matrix

Data to plot against `X`

, specified as a matrix.

**Data Types: **`single`

| `double`

| `int8`

| `int16`

| `int32`

| `int64`

| `uint8`

| `uint16`

| `uint32`

| `uint64`

| `logical`

`LineSpec`

— Line style, marker, and color

string scalar | character vector

Line style, marker, and color, specified as a string scalar or character vector containing symbols. The symbols can appear in any order. You do not need to specify all three characteristics (line style, marker, and color). For example, if you omit the line style and specify the marker, then the plot shows only the marker and no line.

**Example: **`"--or"`

is a red dashed line with circle markers.

Line Style | Description | Resulting Line |
---|---|---|

`"-"` | Solid line | |

`"--"` | Dashed line | |

`":"` | Dotted line | |

`"-."` | Dash-dotted line |

Marker | Description | Resulting Marker |
---|---|---|

`"o"` | Circle | |

`"+"` | Plus sign | |

`"*"` | Asterisk | |

`"."` | Point | |

`"x"` | Cross | |

`"_"` | Horizontal line | |

`"|"` | Vertical line | |

`"square"` | Square | |

`"diamond"` | Diamond | |

`"^"` | Upward-pointing triangle | |

`"v"` | Downward-pointing triangle | |

`">"` | Right-pointing triangle | |

`"<"` | Left-pointing triangle | |

`"pentagram"` | Pentagram | |

`"hexagram"` | Hexagram |

Color Name | Short Name | RGB Triplet | Appearance |
---|---|---|---|

`"red"` | `"r"` | `[1 0 0]` | |

`"green"` | `"g"` | `[0 1 0]` | |

`"blue"` | `"b"` | `[0 0 1]` | |

`"cyan"` | `"c"` | `[0 1 1]` | |

`"magenta"` | `"m"` | `[1 0 1]` | |

`"yellow"` | `"y"` | `[1 1 0]` | |

`"black"` | `"k"` | `[0 0 0]` | |

`"white"` | `"w"` | `[1 1 1]` | |

`ax`

— Target axes

`Axes`

object

Target axes that frames all the subaxes, specified as an `Axes`

object. If you do not specify this argument, then `plotmatrix`

uses the current axes.

## Output Arguments

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`S`

— Chart line objects for scatter plots

matrix

Chart line objects for the scatter plots, returned as a matrix.These are unique identifiers, which you can use to query and modifythe properties of a specific scatter plot.

`AX`

— Axes objects for subaxes

matrix

Axes objects for the subaxes, returned as a matrix. These areunique identifiers, which you can use to query and modify the propertiesof a specific subaxes.

`BigAx`

— Axes object for big axes

scalar

Axes object for big axes, returned as a scalar. This is a uniqueidentifier, which you can use to query and modify properties of thebig axes.

`H`

— Histogram objects

vector | []

Histogram objects, returned as a vector or `[]`

. These are unique identifiers, which you can use to query and modify the properties of a specific histogram object. If no histogram plots are created, then `H`

is returned as empty brackets.

`HAx`

— Axes objects for invisible histogram axes

vector | []

Axes objects for invisible histogram axes, returned as a vectoror `[]`

. These are unique identifiers, which youcan use to query and modify the properties of a specific axes. Ifno histogram plots are created, then `HAx`

is returnedas empty brackets.

## Extended Capabilities

### GPU Arrays

Accelerate code by running on a graphics processing unit (GPU) using Parallel Computing Toolbox™.

Usage notes and limitations:

This function accepts GPU arrays, but does not run on a GPU.

For more information, see Run MATLAB Functions on a GPU (Parallel Computing Toolbox).

### Distributed Arrays

Partition large arrays across the combined memory of your cluster using Parallel Computing Toolbox™.

Usage notes and limitations:

This function operates on distributed arrays, but executes in the client MATLAB

^{®}.

For more information, see Run MATLAB Functions with Distributed Arrays (Parallel Computing Toolbox).

## Version History

**Introduced before R2006a**

expand all

### R2015b: H returned as vector of histogram objects

The `H`

output argument is now a vector of histogram objects. In previous releases, it was a vector of patch objects.

## See Also

scatter | scatter3 | tiledlayout | nexttile

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